TYPES OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES
Gingivitis is the official name given to the first stage of periodontal disease. When plaque and the accompanying bacterial secretions accumulate on the teeth and gum line, they inflame the gums. This makes them swollen, tender, and causes them to bleed easily.
Plaque that forms on and around the teeth hardens and becomes what is commonly referred to as tartar. The gums begin to separate from the teeth, and infection sets into the gap. The gums may bleed easily, be swollen and tender, and some bone loss begins to occur.
The teeth continue to be damaged by plaque and tartar and the gums separate from the teeth even more. Unless the condition is treated, the teeth will start to lose bone and will become very loose and can even begin to fall out. There can be significant bone loss at this advanced stage.